||After commissioned, the Scharnhorst
is Flagship of the reconnaissance forces.
||The ship is sent to South East Asia as Flagship of the cruiser squadron, stationed at Tsingtau.
||The armored cruisers Scharnhorst
and the small cruisers Nürnberg
make a stop at Simpson Harbor in Rabaul.
||At the outbreak of the war, the far east squadron under Admiral Graf von Spee was on sea. Since Japan entered the war on Allied side, the ships could not return to their base in Tsingtau. Instead it was decided to operate in the Eastern Pacific and Southern Atlantic.
||Battle of Coronell:
Off the Chilean coast, the German squadron of Scharnhorst
and the CLs Dresden
are approached by the British armored cruisers Good Hope
, the CL Glasgow
and the auxiliary cruisers Otranto
. Battle starts at 18:30 in a distance of 11000m, because of the heavy seas, only the armored cruisers were able to fire. Both British armored cruisers were sunk without survivors, while the German ships did not has any significant damage, but have used 42% of their ammunition. In order to refill their coal supplies, the German ships decide to raid the British base on the Falkland island
and the other ships pass Cape Horn.
||Battle of the Falkland Islands:
After an reconnaissance operation neat the British base by the Gneisenau
early in the morning, the Germans knew about the the British ship refueling at Port Stanley: The battlecruisers Invincible
, the armored cruisers Carnarvon
, two CLs and an auxiliary cruisers. Because of the superior British forces the German ships turn south, but because of their higher speed, the British ships came into battle distance by 12:50. On 13:20 the CLs Dresden
were detached and were ordered to escape, while Scharnhorst
would cover them. As the British 30,5 cm guns hat a higher range than the German 21 cm guns, Scharnhorst
were destroyed without any chance, Scharnhorst
sunk on 16:17, with 880 casualties. All other ships except the Dresden
were sunk, too.