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Großer Kreuzer 1908 - 1914  Scharnhorst  Class

   Info   History   Operational History   Technical Data   Photos 
06.03.1908:   Gneisenau is commissioned.
26.03 - Jul 1908:   Training and trials.
12.07.1908:   The Gneisenau is attached to the reconnaissance forces.
Feb - Mar 1909:   Fleet exercises and voyage to the Atlantic.
Jul - Aug 1909:   Voyage to Spain.
Jul 1910:   Voyage to Norway.
10.11.1910:   The ship is sent to South East Asia to join  the cruiser squadron, stationed at Tsingtau.
16.11.1910:   Stop in Malaga. 
22-25.01.1910:   Stop in Port Said.
06-11.12.1910:   Stop in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
14.12.1910-04.01.1911:   Stop in Bombay.
04-12.01.1911:   Stop in Yaigarth, just south of Bomday.
14-18.01.1911:   Stop in Corhin, India.
19-29.01.1911:   Stop in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
02-17.02.1911:   Stop in Calcutta.
23-27.02.1911:   Stop in Singapore.
05-07.03.1911:   Stop in Hong Kong.
08-10.03.1911:   Stop in Amoy.
14.03.1911:   Arrived in Tsingtau.
- Spring 1912:   Operations in South East Asia including a voyage to northern Japan and Siberia.
Spring 1912:   Repairs in Tsingtau
Jul - Aug 1912:   Visit to Japan.
- 1913:   Stationed in Shanghai
-02.03.1913:   Voyage to Indonesia.
-Jun 1913:   Visit to Rabble.
Oct 1913:   Voyage to Port Arthur.
Jan - 18.03.1914:   Fleet operations in South East Asian waters.
20.06.1914:   After a visit to Nagasaki, Gneisenau meets the other ships of the far east squadron at the Marianas.
Jul 1914:   The armored cruisers Scharnhorst , Gneisenau and the small cruisers Nürnberg and Leipzig make a stop at Simpson Harbor in Rabaul.
02.08.1914:   At the outbreak of the war, the far east squadron under Admiral Graf von Spee was on sea. Since Japan entered the war on Allied side, the ships could not return to their base in Tsingtau. Instead it was decided to operate in the Eastern Pacific and Southern Atlantic.
01.11.1914:   Battle of Coronell:
Off the Chilean coast, the German squadron of Scharnhorst , Gneisenau and the CLs Dresden , Leipzig and Nürnberg are approached by the British armored cruisers Good Hope , Monmouth , the CL Glasgow and the auxiliary cruisers Otranto . Battle starts at 18:30 in a distance of  11000m, because of the heavy seas, only the armored cruisers were able to fire. Both British armored cruisers were sunk without survivors, while the German ships did not has any significant damage, but have used 42% of their ammunition.
In order to refill their coal supplies, the German ships decide to raid the British base on the Falkland island
01.12.1914:   Gneisenau and the other ships pass Cape Horn.
08.12.1914:   Battle of the Falkland Islands: 
After an reconnaissance operation neat the British base by the Gneisenau early in the morning, the Germans knew about the the British ship refueling at Port Stanley: The battlecruisers Invincible and Inflexible , the armored cruisers Carnarvon , Kent and Cornwall , two CLs and an auxiliary cruisers. Because of the superior British forces the German ships turn south, but because of their higher speed, the British ships came into battle distance by 12:50. On 13:20 the CLs Dresden , Nürnberg and Leipzig were detached and were ordered to escape, while Scharnhorst and Gneisenau would cover them. As the British 30,5 cm guns hat a higher range than the German 21 cm guns, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau were destroyed without any chance, Scharnhorst sunk on 16:17, with 880 casualties. All other ships except the Dresden were sunk, too.

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  Thanks to:  A. Kyd-Rebenburg  S. Saunders  A. Franke